The Artificial Inventor Project


Research on AI & IP underlying this project

Ryan Abbott, The Reasonable Robot: Artificial Intelligence and the Law, Cambridge University Press (June 2020)

Abbott, Ryan Benjamin, I Think, Therefore I Invent: Creative Computers and the Future of Patent Law. Boston College Law Review, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2016

Abbott, Ryan Benjamin, Everything is Obvious. 66 UCLA L. Rev. 2 (2018).  

Abbott, Ryan Benjamin, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data and Intellectual Property: Protecting Computer-Generated Works in the United Kingdom (November 2, 2017). Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Digital Technologies (Tanya Aplin, ed), Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, Forthcoming.

AI & Intellectual Property Offices

World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO)

Index of AI initiatives in IP offices

WIPO Technology Trends 2019—Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property

United States Patent and Trademark Office

Artificial Intelligence

Public Views on Artificial Intelligence and Intellectual Property Policy

United States Patent and Trademark Office

Government response to call for views on artificial intelligence and intellectual property

European Patent Office (EPO)

Artificial Intelligence Portal

Other Resources

Annual “Humies” Awards For Human-Competitive Results Produced By Genetic And Evolutionary Computation

Academic Literature

Ryan Abbott, The Reasonable Robot: Artificial Intelligence and the Law, Cambridge University Press

Lawrence B. Solum, Legal Personhood for Artificial Intelligences, 70 N.C. L. Rev. 1231 (1992)

Amir. H. Khoury, Intellectual Property Rights for Hubots: On the Legal Implications of Human-like Robots as Innovators and Creators, 35 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 635 (2017)

Ralph D. Clifford, Intellectual Property in the Era of the Creative Computer Program: Will the True Creator Please Stand Up , 71 Tul. L. Rev. 1675 (1997)

Tal Montal & Zvi Reich (2017) I, Robot. You, Journalist. Who is the Author? Digital Journalism, 5:7, 829-849, DOI: 10.1080/21670811.2016.1209083

Andrew J. Wu, From Video Games to Artificial Intelligence: Assigning Copyright Ownership to Works Generated by Increasingly Sophisticated Computer Programs, 25 AIPLA Q. J. 131 (1997).

Tal Vigderson, Hamlet II: The Sequel: The Rights of Authors vs. Computer-Generated Read-Alike Works, 28 Loy. L. A. L. Rev. 401 (1994)

Yanisky-Ravid, Shlomit, Generating Rembrandt: Artificial Intelligence, Copyright, and Accountability in the 3A Era — The Human-Like Authors Are Already Here — A New Model (April 24, 2017). Michigan State Law Review, Forthcoming.

Yanisky-Ravid, Shlomit and Liu, Xiaoqiong (Jackie), When Artificial Intelligence Systems Produce Inventions: The 3A Era and an Alternative Model for Patent Law (March 1, 2017). 39 Cardozo Law Review, 2215-2263 (2018).

Mark Perry, Thomas Margoni. From music tracks to Google maps: Who owns computer-generated works? Computer law & security review 26 (2010) 621–629.

Denicola, Robert, Ex Machina: Copyright Protection for Computer-Generated Works (2016). 69 Rutgers University Law Review 251 (2016).

Craig, Carys J. and Kerr, Ian R., The Death of the AI Author (March 25, 2019).

Robinson, Walter Keith and Smith, Joshua T., Emerging Technologies Challenging Current Legal Paradigms (2018). Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2018.

Copyright Protection for Computer Programs, Databases, and Computer-Generated Works: Is Anything New Since CONTU? 106 Harv. L. Rev. 1977 (1993).

Bruce E. Boyden, Emergent Works, 39 Colum. J.L. & Arts 377 (2016).

Allocating Ownership Rights in Computer-Generated Works, 47 U. PITT. L. REV. 1185, 1199–1200 (1986).

Guadamuz, Andres, Do Androids Dream of Electric Copyright? Comparative Analysis of Originality in Artificial Intelligence Generated Works (June 5, 2017). Intellectual Property Quarterly, 2017 (2).

Neal F. Burstyn, Creative Sparks: Works of Nature, Selection, and the Human Author, 39 Colum. J.L. & Arts 281 (2015).

Darin Glasser, Copyrights in Computer-Generated Works: Whom, if Anyone, Do We Reward?, 1 Duke Law & Technology Review (2001).

William T. Ralston, Copyright in Computer-Composed Music: HAL Meets Handel, 52 J. Copyright Soc’y U.S.A. 281 (2005)

An evolutionary step in intellectual property rights : artificial intelligence and intellectual property. Davies, Colin.Yn: Computer law and security review, Cyfrol 27, Rhif 6, 01.12.2011, t. 601 – 619.

Kalin Hristov, Artificial Intelligence and the Copyright Dilemma, 57 IDEA 431 (2017).

Schuster, W. Michael, Artificial Intelligence and Patent Ownership (March 1, 2018). 75 Washington and Lee Law Review 1945 (2019).

James Grimmelmann, Copyright for Literate Robots, 101 Iowa L. Rev. 657 (2016).

R.J. Hart, (1988) “Copyright and computer generated works”, Aslib Proceedings, Vol. 40 Issue: 6, pp.173-181,

Madeleine de Cock Buning, Autonomous Intelligent Systems as Creative Agents under the EU Framework for Intellectual Property, 7 Eur. J. Risk Reg. 310 (2016).

Bridget Watson, A Mind of Its Own – Direct Infringement by Users of Artificial Intelligence Systems, 58 IDEA 65 (2017).

A fourth law of robotics? Copyright and the law and ethics of machine co-production. / Schafer, Burkhard; Komuves, David; Zatarain, Jesus Niebla; Diver, Laurence.In: Artificial Intelligence and Law, Vol. 23, No. 3, 23.09.2015, p. 217-240.