The Artificial Inventor Project


Issued Patents

South Africa

Published Application

Patent Cooperation Treaty

WO 2020/079499 AI ; PCT/IB2019/057809

Appeals Pending

United Kingdom

Divisional Application No. 2206827.4 & 2407848.7

Supreme Court Judgment: [2023] UKSC 49 Hearing Video 

Court of Appeal Judgment: [2021] EWCA Civ 1374

High Court Judgment: [2020] EWHC 2412 (Pat)

UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO) decision not to grant: In Re GB1816909.4 / GB1818161.0


Divisional Pending, Application Number 21216024.6

J 0008/20 (Designation of inventor/DABUS) of 21.12.2021

EP3564144 (Fractal Container)

EP3563896 (Neural Flame)

European Patent Office (EPO) grounds for refusal: In Re EP 18 275 163 / In Re 18 275 174



268604 & 268605

Republic of Korea


Seoul High Court Case No. 2023Nu52088, May 16, 2024 (Korean Judgment) (Translation)

2022구합89524 (2022GuHap 89524) Seoul Administrative Court Decision, June 30, 2023 (Korean Judgment) (Translation)

KR 10-2020-7007394


Intellectual Property High Court

Application JP 2020-543051 Reiwa 5 (Gyo U) 5001

New Zealand

Leave to Appeal Granted

CIV-2022-485-118 [2023] NZHC 554


CN 2019800061580

Beijing Intellectual Property Court (2024) Jing 73 Xing Chu No. 6353 [(2024)73行初6353]

Applications Denied

United States

Supreme Court Case No. 22A615: Petition for a Writ of Certiorari Denied April 24, 2023

– Cert Petition

– Amicus Briefs:

– – Brief of Lawrence Lessig, Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid, Osman Güçlütürk, and Dr. Christopher Mason

– – Brief of Brooklyn Law Incubator & Policy (BLIP) Clinic and Professor Dr. Peter Georg Picht in Support of Petitioner

– – Brief of the Chicago Patent Attorneys in Support of Petitioner  

2021-2347 Court of Appeal for the Federal Circuit: Opinion

– Oral Arguments 6 June 2022

District  Court Judgment: Thaler v. Hirshfeld, 558 F. Supp. 3d 238 (E.D. Va. 2021)

US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) Decision on Petition: In Re: 16/524,350


CA 3,137,161

Saudi Arabia


Formalities Rejected

Formalities Accepted

Patent Application Pending


Application Number(s)


BR 112021008931-4


IN 202017019068





Fractal Container Abstract

A container for use, for example, for beverages, has a wall with and external surface and an internal wall of substantially uniform thickness. The wall has a fractal profile which provides a series of fractal elements on the interior and exterior surfaces, forming pits and bulges in the profile of the wall and in which a pit as seen from one of the exterior or interior surfaces forms a bulge on the other of the exterior or interior surfaces. The profile enables multiple containers to be coupled together by inter-engagement of pits and bulges on corresponding ones of the containers. The profile also improves grip, as well as heat transfer into and out of the container.

Neural Flame Abstract

The present invention discloses devices and methods for attracting enhanced attention. Devices include: an input signal of a lacunar pulse train having characteristics of a pulse frequency of approximately four Hertz and a pulse-train fractal dimension of approximately one-half; and at least one controllable light source configured to be pulsatingly operated by the input signal; wherein a neural flame emitted from at least one controllable light source as a result of the lacunar pulse train is adapted to serve as a uniquely-identifiable signal beacon over potentially-competing attention sources by selectively triggering human or artificial anomaly-detection filters, thereby attracting enhanced attention.